If you’ve been noticing your gums bleed easily when you brush and floss or that they appear red and swollen, you may have gingivitis. This is the first stage of gum disease, a progressive condition characterized by inflammation of the gum tissue from bacteria and infection below the gumline. When teeth are not properly cleaned, the sticky plaque left on the teeth hardens into tartar. A buildup of this calculus releases bacteria that infect the gums, causing them to become inflamed and pull away from the teeth.
The deepening periodontal pockets around the teeth will trap more plaque and bacteria in areas that can no longer be reached with brushing and flossing at home. As gum disease progresses, the bacteria and infection spread and irreversibly harm gum tissue, bone, and eventually teeth. When caught early, at the first signs of gingivitis before oral structures have been damaged, our team at Southwest Endodontics & Periodontics, Inc. offers a procedure called scaling and root planing in Broadview & Macedonia, OH that can effectively halt this dangerous progression and keep your mouth healthy long-term.